know

know
I UK [nəʊ] / US [noʊ] verb [never progressive]
Word forms "know":
present tense I/you/we/they know he/she/it knows present participle knowing past tense knew UK [njuː] / US [nu] past participle known UK [nəʊn] / US [noʊn]
***
Ways of saying I don't know:
Dunno → used informally, in spoken language I have no idea/I haven't a clue/I haven't the faintest idea → used when you have no information and you are unable to guess the answer to a question How should I know?/Don't ask me/Search me → used when you do not know something and you feel annoyed that someone is asking you about it Who knows?/It's anyone's guess → used for saying that you don't know something because it is impossible for anyone to know it Your guess is as good as mine → used for saying that you know as little about something as the person who asked you about it Not as far as I know → used for saying that something may be true, but you do not have enough information to know whether it is or not
Examples:
"Are you coming out later?" "Dunno. Depends on the weather." "What time does the film start?" "I have no idea. Why don't you call the cinema?" "I don't suppose you know where Braganza Street is?" "I haven't a clue. Sorry." "Could somebody please explain how this car ended up in my driveway?" "I haven't the faintest idea." "Who left this rubbish all over the table?" "How should I know? I've only just come home." "Why didn't he call me himself?" "Don't ask me. I'm only the messenger." "Why didn't he say he wasn't coming?" "Search me. He never tells me anything." "When will this situation ever be resolved?" "Who knows? It's been going on for so long now." How the situation will develop from here is anyone's guess. "Do you think the store will be open on Sunday?" "Your guess is as good as mine." "Has James left the company? I haven't seen him for ages." "Not as far as I know, but I haven't seen him recently either."
1) [intransitive/transitive] to have learned or found out about something

"Have they arrived yet?" "I don't know."

If you don't know the answer, just guess.

How do you know my name?

know (that):

I knew she wasn't really happy.

know what/where/how etc:

I don't know where the money's coming from.

know if:

I need to know if she's made a decision yet.

know something about someone/something:

I don't know anything about it.

know something for sure/for certain/for a fact:

We know for a fact that the fire was started deliberately.

know something from experience:

We know from experience that unemployment makes the problem worse.

a) [intransitive/transitive] to realize or understand something

None of us really knew what had gone wrong.

b) [transitive, often passive] used about things that most people think or believe are true

The ancient city is known to have existed in the region.

know someone/something to be something:

The pilots were experienced and known to be very competent.

know someone/something to do something:

Some drugs are known to cause damage to unborn children.

2) [transitive] to be familiar with someone, because you have met them or because you are friends

Some of you may know Ivan already.

I felt I hardly knew my father.

She had known Nancy for years.

a) to be familiar with a place, because you have been there

Do you know Rome well?

b) to be familiar with things such as books, music, or art

Do you know Beethoven's Ninth Symphony?

c) to be familiar with a process or system

Do you know this program?

You know the rules.

d) to be able to speak a language

Do you know any Spanish?

3) [transitive] to use a particular name for someone or something
know someone/something as something:

The village was known as Garden Mill.

know someone/something by something:

They know all their tutors by their first names.

4) [transitive] to remember or recognize someone because of a particular skill or quality that they have
know someone as/for something:

He was best known as a painter.

We know her mostly for her love poetry.

5) [transitive] to experience something

It was the only comfort and warmth she had ever known.

have never known someone (to) do something:

I've never known her to make a joke.

6) [transitive] to have learned a poem, story, or song, so that you can say it or sing it

I still know the words to some of these hymns.

7) [intransitive/transitive] to feel certain about something
know (that):

She knew it was Steven before she'd picked up the phone.

8) [transitive] to recognize someone or something

It was Henry: I would have known him anywhere.

God/Goodness/Heaven knows — mainly spoken used for emphasis; mainly spoken used for saying that you do not know something

God knows, it would be a disaster if that happened.

"Where on earth can they have got to?" "Goodness knows."

What effect it will have, heaven only knows.

how should/do I know?spoken used for saying in an annoyed way that you do not know something

How should I know what she thinks about it?

know something backwards/inside out — to be very familiar with something

Phrasal verbs:
See:
devil, first, never, no I

II UK [nəʊ] / US [noʊ] noun

English dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • know — know; fore·know; fore·know·able; fore·know·er; fore·know·ing·ly; know·abil·i·ty; know·able; know·er; know·ing·ly; know·ing·ness; mis·know; pre·know; un·know·en; know·ing; un·know; know·able·ness; un·know·ably; un·know·ing·ness; …   English syllables

  • Know — (n[=o]), v. t. [imp. {Knew} (n[=u]); p. p. {Known} (n[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Knowing}.] [OE. knowen, knawen, AS. cn[ a]wan; akin to OHG. chn[ a]an (in comp.), Icel. kn[ a] to be able, Russ. znate to know, L. gnoscere, noscere, Gr. gighw skein,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — ► VERB (past knew; past part. known) 1) have knowledge of through observation, inquiry, or information. 2) be absolutely sure of something. 3) be familiar or friendly with. 4) have a good command of (a subject or language). 5) have personal… …   English terms dictionary

  • know — [nō] vt. knew, known, knowing [ME knowen < OE cnawan, akin to OHG cnāhan < IE base * ĝen , *ĝnō , to know, apprehend > CAN1, KEN, L gnoscere, to know, Gr gignōskein] 1. to have a clear perception or understanding of; be sure of or well… …   English World dictionary

  • Know — Know, v. i. 1. To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; often with of. [1913 Webster] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Is. i. 3. [1913 Webster] If any man will do …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know of — (someone/something) to have information about someone or something. Do you know of a way to remove this stain? We ve never met, but I certainly know of him. Usage notes: also used in the spoken phrase not that I know of I do not know: “Is he home …   New idioms dictionary

  • know — The expression you know, inserted parenthetically in a sentence in speech, sometimes has real meaning, e.g. in introducing extra information that the hearer is likely to know already, but generally it is a meaningless sentence filler like I mean …   Modern English usage

  • Know — (n[=o]), n. Knee. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — I verb absorb, apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, assimilate, be apprised of, be informed, cognize, comprehend, conceive, conclude, conjecture, deduce, digest, discern, fathom, find, gather, glean, grasp, identify, infer, internalize, learn,… …   Law dictionary

  • know — [v1] understand information apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, be acquainted, be cognizant, be conversant in, be informed, be learned, be master of, be read, be schooled, be versed, cognize, comprehend, differentiate, discern, discriminate,… …   New thesaurus

  • Know HR — is an online magazine about human resources processes, employee motivation, and executive compensation. It is syndicated on Reuters, IBS, and The Palm Beach Post.External links* [http://www.knowhr.com/blog/ KnowHR Blog] *… …   Wikipedia

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